Australia was serviced by Telecom Australia (now Telstra) as a monopoly until full deregulation took place in 1997 which now boasts over 300 licensed carriers. Major players in the carrier space include Telstra, Optus, TPG, Vocus, Superloop and Megaport. Over the last 10 years, data center and cloud growth in Australia has accelerated significantly with both Amazon AWS and Microsoft Azure locally hosted in Australia and with Google Cloud/Compute scheduled to launch a local cluster in 2017. Australia's international connectivity is mainly serviced by the Southern Cross Cables (diverse path from Sydney to US via New Zealand, Fiji and Hawaii), PPC-1 (Sydney to Guam), Australian Japan Cable (Sydney to Japan via Guam) and SMW-3 (Perth to Singapore via Jakarta). Sydney is Australia's major interconnection hub as it is the landing point for all major east coast submarine cables, the host of the Australian Stock Exchange and a major commerce hub for the country.
Australia is a stable, democratic and culturally diverse country with a population of over 23.78 million and an internet penetration rate of 85% (20.21 million internet users). As the Earth’s sixth largest country in land area Australia presents very unique challenges to the technology sector. As a result of these unique challenges the bulk of Australian data centers are located on the eastern coast between Brisbane and Melbourne.
Data Center & Telecommunications Economy
The total GDP of Australia is over US $1.34 trillion and with a contribution of 5.1% from the digital economy, Australia’s data center industry is thriving. Besides Australian data centers, the digital economy includes 9.08 million fixed line telephone subscriptions and 31.77 million mobile telephone subscriptions.
Data Center Markets
Australia contains several data center clusters throughout the country providing plenty of colocation opportunities. The primary colocation data center markets in Australia are:
Australia is well connected to the Asia-Pacific market with submarine cables extending from Sydney and Perth to Singapore, Hong Kong, Guam, Hawaii and New Zealand. There are 228 Australian data centers, the majority of these colocation facilities are located along the eastern coast in Brisbane, Sydney and Melbourne. Large carrier neutral Australian data centers feature rich ecosystems and state of the art equipment, ensuring maximum uptime and connectivity to over 585 service providers.
Cloudscene compares and ranks data centers, cloud service providers and network fabrics in a given market by a range of different qualities including ecosystem size and network size.
Richest Data Center Ecosystems
The top five colocation facilities in Australia are:
Top Data Center Operators
The top five data center operators in Australia are:
Top Service Providers
The top five cloud service providers in Australia are:
Energy is a significant issue for data centers and Australia has good coverage of the Energy sector. Australia is energized by 20.3% renewable or green sources, with the remaining provided by fossil fuels. This gives Australian colocation facilities significant opportunities to take advantage of green energy. In addition to green energy data center consumers enjoy a range of PUE scores between 1.05 and 1.88. The average PUE for Australian data centers is 1.4. Australian colocation facilities provide over 486.15 MW of power and has a range of rack power options from 1.20 kW to 7.50 kW.
There are a range of natural disasters that are of concern to the data center and telecommunications industry. Earthquakes are relatively rare in Australia however the country does experience significant flooding and severe storms. Fortunately, many colocation facilities have taken adequate measures to prevent any disruption to their services.
Australia’s communications industry is regulated by the ACMA (Australian Communications and Media Authority). Major players in the carrier space include:
While the top three service providers are:
There are numerous smaller providers as well. In total Australia has over 300 fixed-line telephone providers, over 200 VoIP providers and has issued over 170 telecommunication licenses.
Telecommunications History of Australia
Prior to the Federation of Australia in 1901 there were six separate communication networks, each network owned and operated by the Australian government. These networks were consolidated by 1935 and managed by the Postmaster-General’s department until 1975 when they were transferred to Telecom Australia (now Telstra). Telecom Australia effectively operated as a monopoly up until 1997 when the telecommunication industry was deregulated. Since 1997 Australia has experienced accelerated telecommunications, data center and cloud growth.
Cloudscene Australian Facts
- Total number of Australian data centers: 228
- Total number of cloud service providers: 585
- Total number of network fabrics: 5
- Latest Australian data center added: SYD11
Latest Australian data centers service provider: Digital Realty
- Number of certified colocation facilities in Australia: 42 consisting of Uptime Certified Data Centers and ISO Certified Data Centers