United States of America
The United States is the largest single region for connectivity and the cloud in the world today. Major markets include the financial hubs of New York and Chicago, the Tech hubs of the Bay Area (San Francisco), Seattle and Portland; the population hubs of Dallas, Los Angeles and the center of Government in Washington DC/Virginia. With the country's total data center numbers outweighing its nearest market (the United Kingdom) by five times; the United States is the undisputed "home of the internet". In Cloudscene’s 2017 Global Top 10 Colocation Ecosystems, it was Washington DC, Bay Area, Los Angeles, Dallas and Chicago that dominated the list.
United States of America Overview
The United States, officially the United States of America or also known as America, is a coalition of 50 states, a federal district and five major self-governing territories. Operating as a federal republic, America is a stable, democratic and culturally diverse country with a population of over 321.42 million and an internet penetration rate of 75% (241.06 million internet users). The republic covers nine different time zones creating it’s own unique challenges to the technology sector.
Data Center & Telecommunications Economy
The total GDP of America is over US $18 trillion and with a contribution of 7.1% from the digital economy, America’s data center industry is thriving. Besides American data centers, the digital economy includes 121.991 million fixed line telephone subscriptions and 382.307 million mobile telephone subscriptions.
Data Center Markets
America contains several data center clusters throughout the country providing plenty of colocation opportunities. The primary colocation data center markets in America are:
The United States is well connected to Europe and Asia-Pacific with submarine cables extending from five primary markets on the East Coast and four primary markets on the West Coast. There are 2,480 American data centers, the majority of these colocation facilities are located on the Atlantic Seaboard. Large carrier neutral American data centers feature rich ecosystems and state of the art equipment, ensuring maximum uptime and connectivity to over 2,363 service providers.
Cloudscene compares and ranks data centers, cloud service providers and network fabrics in a given market by a range of different qualities including ecosystem size and network size.
Richest Data Center Ecosystems
The top five colocation facilities in America are:
Top Data Center Operators
The top five data center operators in America are:
Top Service Providers
The top five cloud service providers in America are:
Energy is a significant issue for data centers and America has good coverage of the energy sector. America is energized by 14.8% renewable or green sources, with the remaining provided by fossil/nuclear fuels. This gives American colocation facilities significant opportunities to take advantage of green energy. In addition to green energy, data center consumers enjoy a range of PUE scores between 1.12 and 2.00. The average PUE for American data centers is 1.37. American colocation facilities provide over 8467.95 MW of power and has a range of rack power options from 2.16 kW to 25.00 kW.
The sheer vastness of the United States and expansive range of geographic features ensures that each data center, depending on where it is located, has a different set of challenges to overcome. The West Coast experiences earthquakes, flooding and the rare tornado while the East Coast can experience hurricanes, flooding and moderate earthquakes. The Great Plains has a high risk of tornadoes.
The United States’ communications industry is regulated by the FCC (Federal Communications Commission). Major players in the carrier space include:
- U.S. Cellular
While the top three service providers are:
There are numerous smaller providers as well.